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HOME > Exhibition > Permanent Exhibition > Thematic display > Exhibition of Ceramic Ware of the Liao Dynasty
Exhibition of Ceramic Ware of the Liao Dynasty
 
At the beginning of the 10th century, the nomadic Khitan people established a powerful dynasty in northern China, which was called Liao or Khitan in Chinese history. Over some 200 years (916-1125), the Khitans had created an ethnic culture with distinctive local color, featuring serviceable but elegantly adorned ceramics.
 
When making unglazed or glazed pottery and porcelain, those artisans of the Liao Dynasty, while keeping the Khitan tradition, had made wide use of firing and decorating technology popular in the Central Plains and other regions. The well-known cockscomb pot, long-necked bottle, chicken-legged jug and crab-apple plate all can be rated as the most representative work. The common bowl, plate, dish and cup reveal a kind of crude primeval beauty, but meanwhile show very clear traces of ceramics produced by various kilns in the Central Plains. As for the trio-colored glazed pottery, it is modeled on the famous Tang tri-color with simple ornamental designs and bright glaze, and manifests the most advanced technology in making glazed pottery at a relatively low temperature at that time.
 
Acclaimed as “an exotic flower in China’s ceramic history,” the Khitan porcelain displays the characteristic spiritual ethos and aesthetic perspective of this ethnic group, which had played a significant role in the progress of the nomadic civilization, and still give a good deal of enlightenment to people today.
 
Now let us enter the exhibition halls and begin a magical spiritual trip.
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